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 important words for non-arabs to learn 3

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Kawthar
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PostSubject: important words for non-arabs to learn 3   Thu May 01, 2008 8:31 am

1.jinn: created beings made from smokeless fire. In many ways they are a parallel creation to humans, as there are Muslims and kafirs among them, they are born, have children and die, etc. They can see us, but we cannot see them. Trying to see or contact them is forbidden, and Muslims are encouraged to protect themselves by constantly remembering Allah.

2.jumu`ah: Friday, the Muslim day of gathering when men have to go to the mosque to hear the khutbah and pray the congregational prayer. (Attendance is optional for women.)

3.kafir: disbeliever, one who rejects the truth.

4.khalifah: successor or vicegerent. Specifically, it refers to the Muslim ruler.

5.khutbah: speech, address or sermon, especially that given at Friday and Eid prayers.

6.kufr: disbelief, rejection of the truth.

7.kunyah: agnomen beginning with Abu or Umm (father of, mother of) and the name of the oldest child or more frequently, the name of the oldest son. This is an ancient Arabic custom which was continued in Islam and adopted by other people who became Muslim. The kunyah of the Prophet (PBUH) was Ab' al-Qasim.

8.la ilaha ill-Allah: "There is no god but Allah." The fundamental declaration of Tawhid, the central tenet of Islam.

9.laylat al-qadr: The "Night of Power," one of the odd-numbered nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. It is not known precisely which night it is. The Qur'an describes it as "better than a thousand months" [al-Qadr 97:3]. Muslims concentrate on worship and reading the Qur'_n during this ten-day period, seeking the blessing of this special time.

10.maghrib: sunset prayer

11.mahram: a man whom a woman may never marry because of the degree of closeness of the blood-relationship, i.e. father, brother, son, uncle, etc. A woman is not required to observe hijab in front of her mahram.

12.minbar: "pulpit," the steps on which the imam stands to deliver the khutbah at Friday prayers.

13.mufassir: Qur'anic exegete, a scholar who comments on and explains the meanings of the Qur'an. Many scholars have written such works, known as Tafsir. Famous books of Tafsir include those by Ibn Kathir, Sayyid Qutb and Maulana Mawdudi, parts of which are available in English translation.

14.Muhajir: migrants, one who migrates for the sake of Allah. The original Muhajirin were the Muslims who migrated from Makkah to Yathrib (Madinah).

15.Muharram: the first month of the Islamic calendar.

16.munafiq: hypocrite, one who pretends to believe in Islam, but does not.

17.mushrik: polytheist, one who associates others in worship with Allah.

18.nafil: supererogatory or optional prayers, fasts, etc., that may be performed in addition to those that are obligatory.

19.qadi: judge in a shar_`ah court.

20.qawwam: protector, maintainer.

21.qiblah: the direction faced when praying, i.e., the direction of the Ka`bah in Makkah.

22.qiwamah: position or role of being a qawwam.

23.qiyam al-layl: standing in prayer during the night.
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